Photographed by Mark Seliger

Cindy Sherman

Wolf Prize Laureate in Art 2020

The 2020 wolf prize in Arts is awarded to:

 

Cindy Sherman

USA

 

“for redefine the concept of art made with a camera.”

 

Cindy Sherman (born: 1954) is one of the most important and influential artists of the past decades. Her selection by the jury panel, which comprises senior curators from leading international museums, has been unanimous. Sherman’s works have been displayed over the years in dozens of solo and group exhibitions in the world’s prime museums. They can be found in museums and private collections. Sherman was recognized with numerous awards and prizes celebrating her outstanding achievements as a distinct, original and meaningful creator. Sherman’s performative actions are documented by her camera. She transforms in front of the camera while providing a critical reflection of the values of the changing contemporary culture. Sherman’s works emphasize the gender and age discourse, reviews the history of art and popular culture, and deliberates ethics in an age of digital manipulation.

 

For five decades, Cindy Sherman has redefined the concept of art made with a camera with trailblazing originality. From her earliest work as a student in the mid-1970s, to her digital experiments today, Sherman has continually explored the construction of identity, probing its relation to mass media, popular culture, and visual codes.

 

The artist’s acclaimed “Untitled Film Stills” series, 1977-80, transformed portraiture. Began when she was just 23, the series comprises 70 black-and-white photographs of Sherman in various female guises: the new-to-the-city ingénue, the vulnerable wife, the flirtatious librarian. Compiled from 1950s and ’60s B movies, and media absorbed by the artist, the characters are immediately recognizable, yet without distinction. “Untitled Film Stills” suggests the limited, media-framed identities available for women, and has remained a touchstone of 20th century photography.

 

At the core of her practice, Sherman holds a mirror to society and the culture around her. In her work since “Untitled Film” Stills, Sherman has staged herself as withering socialites, uneasy centerfolds, and grotesque clowns – alluding at the obedience and capitulation to the ongoing performance of the “self” in the social role-play. She addressed the representations of sexuality, seduction, objectification, and sexual violence.

 

Her recent work challenges the concept of personal authenticity. She takes the photographic manipulation of the portrait into the virtual-digital world, one of the social networks, or aesthetic medicine consumption and the structured distortion beget by software image processing. In her later works, Sherman’s greatness becomes even more apparent as she continues to innovate and challenge the spectators. No artist has achieved the psychological shape-shifting of Sherman, as she time and time again expands the potential of the photographic image, as well as art’s role in serving as a mirror and a sophisticated, challenging critical tool of its time.”

 

*Photographed by Mark Seliger

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Cindy Sherman

Wolf Prize Laureate in Art 2020

The Arts Committee unanimously decided that the Wolf Prize in Arts (Sculpture) for 1984/5, be granted to:

 

Eduardo Chillida
San Sebastian, Spain

 

His fruitful imagination, expressing a practical beauty of forms in his sculpture, appears in a contemporary guise, combining tradition and innovation.

 

Eduardo Chillida is one of the major sculptors of our times, with highly distinguished accomplishments in the three-dimension medium to his credit.

 

Chillida’s’ solid iron sculptures, as well as his alabaster blocks, are deeply rooted in the modern sculptural traditions and, at the same time, reached out experimentally toward new and as yet untested technical as well as aesthetic dimensions.

 

While enjoyable within a context of contemporary aesthetics, Chillida’s work has also radical and demanding dimensions, expressed through its weight and its assertiveness. His bold outdoor sculpture is at once part of nature and a challenge to it.

 

His debt to the past as well as his uncompromising contemporary posture marked him as an extraordinarily deserving, indeed a most admirable contemporary creator.

Lawrence Weiner

Wolf Prize Laureate in Arts 2017

The Arts Committee unanimously decided that the Wolf Prize in Arts (Sculpture) for 1984/5, be granted to:

 

Eduardo Chillida
San Sebastian, Spain

 

His fruitful imagination, expressing a practical beauty of forms in his sculpture, appears in a contemporary guise, combining tradition and innovation.

 

Eduardo Chillida is one of the major sculptors of our times, with highly distinguished accomplishments in the three-dimension medium to his credit.

 

Chillida’s’ solid iron sculptures, as well as his alabaster blocks, are deeply rooted in the modern sculptural traditions and, at the same time, reached out experimentally toward new and as yet untested technical as well as aesthetic dimensions.

 

While enjoyable within a context of contemporary aesthetics, Chillida’s work has also radical and demanding dimensions, expressed through its weight and its assertiveness. His bold outdoor sculpture is at once part of nature and a challenge to it.

 

His debt to the past as well as his uncompromising contemporary posture marked him as an extraordinarily deserving, indeed a most admirable contemporary creator.

Laurie Anderson

Wolf Prize Laureate in Arts 2017

The Arts Committee unanimously decided that the Wolf Prize in Arts (Sculpture) for 1984/5, be granted to:

 

Eduardo Chillida
San Sebastian, Spain

 

His fruitful imagination, expressing a practical beauty of forms in his sculpture, appears in a contemporary guise, combining tradition and innovation.

 

Eduardo Chillida is one of the major sculptors of our times, with highly distinguished accomplishments in the three-dimension medium to his credit.

 

Chillida’s’ solid iron sculptures, as well as his alabaster blocks, are deeply rooted in the modern sculptural traditions and, at the same time, reached out experimentally toward new and as yet untested technical as well as aesthetic dimensions.

 

While enjoyable within a context of contemporary aesthetics, Chillida’s work has also radical and demanding dimensions, expressed through its weight and its assertiveness. His bold outdoor sculpture is at once part of nature and a challenge to it.

 

His debt to the past as well as his uncompromising contemporary posture marked him as an extraordinarily deserving, indeed a most admirable contemporary creator.

Olafur Eliasson

Wolf Prize Laureate in Arts 2014

The Arts Committee unanimously decided that the Wolf Prize in Arts (Sculpture) for 1984/5, be granted to:

 

Eduardo Chillida
San Sebastian, Spain

 

His fruitful imagination, expressing a practical beauty of forms in his sculpture, appears in a contemporary guise, combining tradition and innovation.

 

Eduardo Chillida is one of the major sculptors of our times, with highly distinguished accomplishments in the three-dimension medium to his credit.

 

Chillida’s’ solid iron sculptures, as well as his alabaster blocks, are deeply rooted in the modern sculptural traditions and, at the same time, reached out experimentally toward new and as yet untested technical as well as aesthetic dimensions.

 

While enjoyable within a context of contemporary aesthetics, Chillida’s work has also radical and demanding dimensions, expressed through its weight and its assertiveness. His bold outdoor sculpture is at once part of nature and a challenge to it.

 

His debt to the past as well as his uncompromising contemporary posture marked him as an extraordinarily deserving, indeed a most admirable contemporary creator.

Rosemarie Trockel

Wolf Prize Laureate in Arts 2011

The Arts Committee unanimously decided that the Wolf Prize in Arts (Sculpture) for 1984/5, be granted to:

 

Eduardo Chillida
San Sebastian, Spain

 

His fruitful imagination, expressing a practical beauty of forms in his sculpture, appears in a contemporary guise, combining tradition and innovation.

 

Eduardo Chillida is one of the major sculptors of our times, with highly distinguished accomplishments in the three-dimension medium to his credit.

 

Chillida’s’ solid iron sculptures, as well as his alabaster blocks, are deeply rooted in the modern sculptural traditions and, at the same time, reached out experimentally toward new and as yet untested technical as well as aesthetic dimensions.

 

While enjoyable within a context of contemporary aesthetics, Chillida’s work has also radical and demanding dimensions, expressed through its weight and its assertiveness. His bold outdoor sculpture is at once part of nature and a challenge to it.

 

His debt to the past as well as his uncompromising contemporary posture marked him as an extraordinarily deserving, indeed a most admirable contemporary creator.

Michelangelo Pistoletto

Wolf Prize Laureate in Arts 2006/7

The Arts Committee unanimously decided that the Wolf Prize in Arts (Sculpture) for 1984/5, be granted to:

 

Eduardo Chillida
San Sebastian, Spain

 

His fruitful imagination, expressing a practical beauty of forms in his sculpture, appears in a contemporary guise, combining tradition and innovation.

 

Eduardo Chillida is one of the major sculptors of our times, with highly distinguished accomplishments in the three-dimension medium to his credit.

 

Chillida’s’ solid iron sculptures, as well as his alabaster blocks, are deeply rooted in the modern sculptural traditions and, at the same time, reached out experimentally toward new and as yet untested technical as well as aesthetic dimensions.

 

While enjoyable within a context of contemporary aesthetics, Chillida’s work has also radical and demanding dimensions, expressed through its weight and its assertiveness. His bold outdoor sculpture is at once part of nature and a challenge to it.

 

His debt to the past as well as his uncompromising contemporary posture marked him as an extraordinarily deserving, indeed a most admirable contemporary creator.

Louise Bourgeois

Wolf Prize Laureate in Arts 2002/3

The Arts Committee unanimously decided that the Wolf Prize in Arts (Sculpture) for 1984/5, be granted to:

 

Eduardo Chillida
San Sebastian, Spain

 

His fruitful imagination, expressing a practical beauty of forms in his sculpture, appears in a contemporary guise, combining tradition and innovation.

 

Eduardo Chillida is one of the major sculptors of our times, with highly distinguished accomplishments in the three-dimension medium to his credit.

 

Chillida’s’ solid iron sculptures, as well as his alabaster blocks, are deeply rooted in the modern sculptural traditions and, at the same time, reached out experimentally toward new and as yet untested technical as well as aesthetic dimensions.

 

While enjoyable within a context of contemporary aesthetics, Chillida’s work has also radical and demanding dimensions, expressed through its weight and its assertiveness. His bold outdoor sculpture is at once part of nature and a challenge to it.

 

His debt to the past as well as his uncompromising contemporary posture marked him as an extraordinarily deserving, indeed a most admirable contemporary creator.

James Turrell

Wolf Prize Laureate in Arts 1998

The Arts Committee unanimously decided that the Wolf Prize in Arts (Sculpture) for 1984/5, be granted to:

 

Eduardo Chillida
San Sebastian, Spain

 

His fruitful imagination, expressing a practical beauty of forms in his sculpture, appears in a contemporary guise, combining tradition and innovation.

 

Eduardo Chillida is one of the major sculptors of our times, with highly distinguished accomplishments in the three-dimension medium to his credit.

 

Chillida’s’ solid iron sculptures, as well as his alabaster blocks, are deeply rooted in the modern sculptural traditions and, at the same time, reached out experimentally toward new and as yet untested technical as well as aesthetic dimensions.

 

While enjoyable within a context of contemporary aesthetics, Chillida’s work has also radical and demanding dimensions, expressed through its weight and its assertiveness. His bold outdoor sculpture is at once part of nature and a challenge to it.

 

His debt to the past as well as his uncompromising contemporary posture marked him as an extraordinarily deserving, indeed a most admirable contemporary creator.

Gerhard Richter

Wolf Prize Laureate in Arts 1994/5

The Arts Committee unanimously decided that the Wolf Prize in Arts (Sculpture) for 1984/5, be granted to:

 

Eduardo Chillida
San Sebastian, Spain

 

His fruitful imagination, expressing a practical beauty of forms in his sculpture, appears in a contemporary guise, combining tradition and innovation.

 

Eduardo Chillida is one of the major sculptors of our times, with highly distinguished accomplishments in the three-dimension medium to his credit.

 

Chillida’s’ solid iron sculptures, as well as his alabaster blocks, are deeply rooted in the modern sculptural traditions and, at the same time, reached out experimentally toward new and as yet untested technical as well as aesthetic dimensions.

 

While enjoyable within a context of contemporary aesthetics, Chillida’s work has also radical and demanding dimensions, expressed through its weight and its assertiveness. His bold outdoor sculpture is at once part of nature and a challenge to it.

 

His debt to the past as well as his uncompromising contemporary posture marked him as an extraordinarily deserving, indeed a most admirable contemporary creator.

Bruce Nauman

Wolf Prize Laureate in Arts 1993

The Arts Committee unanimously decided that the Wolf Prize in Arts (Sculpture) for 1984/5, be granted to:

 

Eduardo Chillida
San Sebastian, Spain

 

His fruitful imagination, expressing a practical beauty of forms in his sculpture, appears in a contemporary guise, combining tradition and innovation.

 

Eduardo Chillida is one of the major sculptors of our times, with highly distinguished accomplishments in the three-dimension medium to his credit.

 

Chillida’s’ solid iron sculptures, as well as his alabaster blocks, are deeply rooted in the modern sculptural traditions and, at the same time, reached out experimentally toward new and as yet untested technical as well as aesthetic dimensions.

 

While enjoyable within a context of contemporary aesthetics, Chillida’s work has also radical and demanding dimensions, expressed through its weight and its assertiveness. His bold outdoor sculpture is at once part of nature and a challenge to it.

 

His debt to the past as well as his uncompromising contemporary posture marked him as an extraordinarily deserving, indeed a most admirable contemporary creator.

Anselm Kiefer

Wolf Prize Laureate in Arts 1990

The Arts Committee unanimously decided that the Wolf Prize in Arts (Sculpture) for 1984/5, be granted to:

 

Eduardo Chillida
San Sebastian, Spain

 

His fruitful imagination, expressing a practical beauty of forms in his sculpture, appears in a contemporary guise, combining tradition and innovation.

 

Eduardo Chillida is one of the major sculptors of our times, with highly distinguished accomplishments in the three-dimension medium to his credit.

 

Chillida’s’ solid iron sculptures, as well as his alabaster blocks, are deeply rooted in the modern sculptural traditions and, at the same time, reached out experimentally toward new and as yet untested technical as well as aesthetic dimensions.

 

While enjoyable within a context of contemporary aesthetics, Chillida’s work has also radical and demanding dimensions, expressed through its weight and its assertiveness. His bold outdoor sculpture is at once part of nature and a challenge to it.

 

His debt to the past as well as his uncompromising contemporary posture marked him as an extraordinarily deserving, indeed a most admirable contemporary creator.

Claes T. Oldenburg

Wolf Prize Laureate in Arts 1989

The Arts Committee unanimously decided that the Wolf Prize in Arts (Sculpture) for 1984/5, be granted to:

 

Eduardo Chillida
San Sebastian, Spain

 

His fruitful imagination, expressing a practical beauty of forms in his sculpture, appears in a contemporary guise, combining tradition and innovation.

 

Eduardo Chillida is one of the major sculptors of our times, with highly distinguished accomplishments in the three-dimension medium to his credit.

 

Chillida’s’ solid iron sculptures, as well as his alabaster blocks, are deeply rooted in the modern sculptural traditions and, at the same time, reached out experimentally toward new and as yet untested technical as well as aesthetic dimensions.

 

While enjoyable within a context of contemporary aesthetics, Chillida’s work has also radical and demanding dimensions, expressed through its weight and its assertiveness. His bold outdoor sculpture is at once part of nature and a challenge to it.

 

His debt to the past as well as his uncompromising contemporary posture marked him as an extraordinarily deserving, indeed a most admirable contemporary creator.

Jasper Johns

Wolf Prize Laureate in Arts 1986

The Arts Committee unanimously decided that the Wolf Prize in Arts (Sculpture) for 1984/5, be granted to:

 

Eduardo Chillida
San Sebastian, Spain

 

His fruitful imagination, expressing a practical beauty of forms in his sculpture, appears in a contemporary guise, combining tradition and innovation.

 

Eduardo Chillida is one of the major sculptors of our times, with highly distinguished accomplishments in the three-dimension medium to his credit.

 

Chillida’s’ solid iron sculptures, as well as his alabaster blocks, are deeply rooted in the modern sculptural traditions and, at the same time, reached out experimentally toward new and as yet untested technical as well as aesthetic dimensions.

 

While enjoyable within a context of contemporary aesthetics, Chillida’s work has also radical and demanding dimensions, expressed through its weight and its assertiveness. His bold outdoor sculpture is at once part of nature and a challenge to it.

 

His debt to the past as well as his uncompromising contemporary posture marked him as an extraordinarily deserving, indeed a most admirable contemporary creator.

Eduardo Chillida

Wolf Prize Laureate in painting /Sculpture 1984/5

The Arts Committee unanimously decided that the Wolf Prize in Arts (Sculpture) for 1984/5, be granted to:

 

Eduardo Chillida
San Sebastian, Spain

 

His fruitful imagination, expressing a practical beauty of forms in his sculpture, appears in a contemporary guise, combining tradition and innovation.

 

Eduardo Chillida is one of the major sculptors of our times, with highly distinguished accomplishments in the three-dimension medium to his credit.

 

Chillida’s’ solid iron sculptures, as well as his alabaster blocks, are deeply rooted in the modern sculptural traditions and, at the same time, reached out experimentally toward new and as yet untested technical as well as aesthetic dimensions.

 

While enjoyable within a context of contemporary aesthetics, Chillida’s work has also radical and demanding dimensions, expressed through its weight and its assertiveness. His bold outdoor sculpture is at once part of nature and a challenge to it.

 

His debt to the past as well as his uncompromising contemporary posture marked him as an extraordinarily deserving, indeed a most admirable contemporary creator.

Marc Chagall

Wolf Prize Laureate in Art 1978

The Arts Committee unanimously decided that the Wolf Prize in Arts (Sculpture) for 1984/5, be granted to:

 

Eduardo Chillida
San Sebastian, Spain

 

His fruitful imagination, expressing a practical beauty of forms in his sculpture, appears in a contemporary guise, combining tradition and innovation.

 

Eduardo Chillida is one of the major sculptors of our times, with highly distinguished accomplishments in the three-dimension medium to his credit.

 

Chillida’s’ solid iron sculptures, as well as his alabaster blocks, are deeply rooted in the modern sculptural traditions and, at the same time, reached out experimentally toward new and as yet untested technical as well as aesthetic dimensions.

 

While enjoyable within a context of contemporary aesthetics, Chillida’s work has also radical and demanding dimensions, expressed through its weight and its assertiveness. His bold outdoor sculpture is at once part of nature and a challenge to it.

 

His debt to the past as well as his uncompromising contemporary posture marked him as an extraordinarily deserving, indeed a most admirable contemporary creator.