James H. Tumlinson
Wolf Prize Laureate in Agriculture 2008/9
James H. Tumlinson
Affiliation at the time of the award:
Pennsylvania State University, USA
“for their remarkable discoveries of mechanisms governing plant-insect and plant-plant interactions. Their scientific contributions on chemical ecology have fostered the development of integrated pest management and significantly advanced agricultural sustainability”.
The research efforts of John A. Pickett, James H. Tumlinson and W. Joe Lewis have led to a paradigm shift in integrated pest management in agriculture. For many years, Professor John A. Pickett has contributed significantly to the field of chemical ecology and agriculture worldwide, and has achieved an international reputation equaled by few. He has opened up new areas of research with novel approaches and then applied basic research results by developing innovative control strategies for agricultural pests and weeds. By integrating techniques from molecular biology, electrophysiology, biochemistry and behavior, he has positioned himself at the cutting-edge of the field. As a result, Pickett has become a world leader in the development of sustainable, environmentally-sound methods of insect pest management, based on use of semio-chemicals to manipulate the behavior of pests and their natural enemies.
Professor James H. Tumlinson and Professor W. Joe Lewis have been a major force in reorienting the thinking of agricultural scientists and educators toward a more ecologically sound approach to pest management. Their research has demonstrated the sophisticated natural system of biological interaction between plants, insects feeding on plants, and predators and parasitoids of these herbivores. The impressive contributions of Lewis and Tumlinson in developing and applying scientific understanding have shifted the pest management agenda worldwide.